Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) & Teenage Depression

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Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) & Teenage Depression

– Young people with depression often have an ongoing negative view of themselves
[Even when they are not depressed]
– Such young people typically distort their experiences through a “negative filter”
– Their thinking patterns maybe so habitual that they do not even notice the errors in their judgement, everyday assumptions, and interpretations that are caused by thinking irrationally
– In the sequence of event-thought-reaction, most people are not aware of the step in the middle: thought
– These habits of mind usually are not a problem unless a person finds themselves constantly feeling bad
– If so, they can be helped to look at the way they perceive events to see if they would benefit from changing some of their thinking habits

How does CBT work?
– CBT attempts to alleviate depression by teaching techniques to correct the in-built negative distortions in the way events are interpreted
– CBT attempts to teach the individual to look logically and rationally at the evidence for their views and thus helps the depressed individual to adjust the way in which they see the world around them
– it Teaches people to stop thinking in absolute, all or nothing ways like: “I always make mistakes”, “I never do anything right”, “Nobody understands me” etc.,
– instead, CBT helps you think more realistically (& compassionately)
– “Sometimes I make mistakes and everybody does that and it’s okay”

Source: Parker & Eyers (2009) Published by Blackdog Institute

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