Managing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

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Managing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

The 2 main signs looked for in diagnosis:
1) difficulty with communication & interaction
2) restrictive, repetitive behaviours

& the above is the main focus for managing ASD, noting:
– ASD is a spectrum condition & their difficulties varies along a spectrum in these domains

– plans therefore need to be individualised, addressing both the person’s strengths & their symptoms

– the focus is manage, not treat
– the aim is to minimise impacts & interference in a person’s daily life

– when younger, the focus is upon making the home (& school) environment ideal for e child with ASD:
– it addresses the difficulties the child with ASD has
– for communication issues, the child has interactive playtime everyday
– also time to interact with peers
[the idea: lots of time to work on social interaction – at home & at school]
– @ home, parents may try non-verbal gestures & make sure the child can use &/or understand
– because change is difficult for the child with ASD, the idea is to make the home environment as structured as possible [bedtime; getting ready for school; after school, meal times; including activities that they really like]
– smaller class sizes at school to facilitate closer cooperation with teacher
– also identify lights, sounds, smells that over-stimulate & bother the child with ASD

– then there are co-morbid problems, such as difficulties with attention & hyperactivity, anxiety, seizures, sleep trouble and depression [medications that target these conditions can also help & be part of an ASD management plan]

Source: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/mental-health/neurodevelopmental-disorders/v/managing-autism-spectrum-disorder

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