Emotions: Theories of Emotion (4)

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Emotions: Theories of Emotion (4)

– firstly, there are many theories about emotions

1) James-Lange Theory of Emotion
– named after two 19th century researchers
– hypothesis: the experience of emotion is due to the perception of your physiological response
– for e.g.
– you are patting your pet
– your heart rate increases
– certain neurotransmitters change in your brain
– you smile at the pet
[they theorise that it is your interpretation of the physiological changes in you (while patting) that elicit the emotion of happpiness; or in other words what patting the cat does to your body that causes happiness]

2) Cannon-Bard Theory of Emotion
– they disagreed with the James-Lange Theory – that physiological responses triggered emotion
– they believed physiological arousal could occur without feeling any emotion at all
– they also noted that many different emotions had the same physiological pattern of response
– they also believed that the physiological responses were too slow to produce emotions that seemed almost instantaneous at times
– they hypothesised that physiological responses & emotions co-occur simultaneously (i.e. the 2 actions happen at the same time)

3) Schachter-Singer Theory of Emotion
– in this theory, physiological & cognitive responses simultaneously form the experience of emotion
– the theory involves consciously labelling the emotion

4) Lazarus Theory
– hypothesis: the experience of emotion is dependent upon how it is cognitively appraised
– and that his cognitive appraisal can be seen positively by one person & negatively by another (personal experience) as well as situational factors
– once this is done, then the emotion occurs simultaneously with the physiological response

Source: Khan Academy @ https://www.khanacademy.org/science/health-and-medicine/executive-systems-of-the-brain/emotion-2014-03-27T18:40:38.294Z/v/theories-of-emotion


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