The Neuroscience of Creativity [APA]

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The Neuroscience of Creativity [APA]

Summary:
– neuroscientist believes intelligence & creativity may not have that much in common (there is some controversy about this)
– neuro-imaging is the tool used to measure the brain
1) magnet resonance spectroscopy – measures chemicals in the brain
2) diffusion tension imaging – measures water in the brain (axons or tubes in the brain)
3) fMRI – cortical structures & blood flow to measure brain structure
– can a person learn to be more creative? Yes, through tools
– intelligence seems to be under tight genetic control
– for e.g. Identical twins intelligence will be highly correlated
– there seems to be increases in IQ scores & this is controversial
– brain organisation is quite different for intelligence & creativity
– high intelligence – axons are more myelinated; cortical structures are thicker
– creativity – thinner cortical structures; weaker axon connections
– he sees creativity & intelligence as two different kinds of reasoning [Both are very adaptive]
– creativity is reasoning without all the information (abductive reasoning)
– involves hypothesis testing; approximations
– involves abstraction & use of metaphor
– Intelligence – deductive reasoning – rule based
– creativity is common; genius is rare & he considers it is the back & forth between creativity & intelligence (flicking between the two types of reasoning) & then creating a novel rule

Source: Speaking Psychology Podcast | 06 May 2014

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