Psychologists classically describe overall ways of parenting in terms of parenting styles. The most commonly used typology of normal parenting is based on work by Diana Baumrind. She distinguished between Authoritative, Authoritiarian, and Permissive parenting. (Later, Maccoby and Martin developed a typology of parenting based on Baumrind’s work, and added a Neglect/Abuse category; parenting style typologies do not address abusive or pathological parenting).
Unlike later typologies of parenting that were melded onto her work, Baumrind focused on control: she believed the job of parents is to socialise and teach children. Parents differ, however, in the type of control they exert.