Treatment and References for ASD

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A.
– treat symptoms:
– check if have epilepsy
– check if constipated
– language / primary treatment outcomes are typically based around cognitions
– treatment for irritability/agitation
– treatment for attention
– treatment for social interactions (while being mindful of not being more intrusive)
– these do not have a high success rate; however, learning is noted to occur

Source: National Institute of Health Podcasts | Podcast date: 14 May 2016

B.
ASD treatment takes the form of management:
– such as developing strategies to manage day-to-day situations
– training to overcome deficits in specific skill sets; &
– reducing the effects of everyday stressors.

Source: Psychology Squared (Sterling & Frings, 2016)

C.
Children with ASD are often treated by minimising their technology use & increasing their social skills

Source: K-12 Greatest Hits: The Best Ideas in Education

D.
– there is also role-playing (it involves parents – they are social coaches)

E.
ASPERGER – Mash & Barkley
– difficulties with eye contact, affective expression, conversational abilities
– good language ability (vocab/grammar)
– impaired in their conversational ability
– unusual volume, tone, flow of speech
– excessively pre-occupied with a singular subject

F.
check with how parents are feeling (depression, alcohol consumption – parents sometimes do not cope well/struggle with caring for ASD children)

1) how to develop meaningful relationships & meet new people:
– join conversations with people
– they are often told to go up to the group, say hi, & introduce themselves
[but this is not really an ecologically valid thing to do amongst teens]
– instead the teens are taught to
A) first watch & listen to the conversation (to find an “in” through a common interest)
B) we are also trying to make sure we have something in common with the people – I.e. that we know something about the topic & have something to contribute
C) we are also checking our behaviour – for e.g. Making sure we are not staring at people, so instead we might look at our phone – so we do not appear to be eavesdropping
D) we are also waiting for a pause in the conversation, so we do not interrupt (& appear rude) – we also make a comment (or ask a question that is “on topic”) [called “peer entry”]
[concrete rules of behaviour to fit in with black & white concrete thinking of people with ASD]
[role-play to demonstrate – good & bad examples; in shoes of different people; behaviour rehearsal; home learning – to practice skill in the real world]

2) how to handle conflict & peer rejection

Source: American Psychological Society – Speaking of Psychology, podcast date – 13 September 2013

Posts to review:
1) Social Life – Making Friends [Autism Launchpad]
2) The Social Brain [ABCRN]
3) Brain of the Person with ASD
4) Autism Spectrum Australia “Secret Agents Society”
5) In a different key: the story of autism [National Institute of Health]
6) Autism – Psychology Squared (Sterling & Frings, 2016)
7) Tuning into Autism [ABC RN All in the Mind]
8) Apps for Autism [ABC RN All in the Mind]
9) – https://asdresources.wordpress.com/strategies/relaxation-techniques-for-the-classroom/ – PMR
10) Teaching social skills to autistic teenagers [Based on ASD behavioural research][APA]
11) Temple Grandin – Factors that help individuals on the autism /asperger’s spectrum get good employment and careers [Autism all stars, 2012]
12) Autism – relationships [Santamauro, 2012]
13) Autism – education [Santamauo, 2012]
14) Sitting still like a frog by Eline Snel
15) Autism, visual schedules, and prompting
16) Neurotribes – a book about ASD – [ABC RN All in the Mind] – Steve Silberman, author
17) ABC RN MIRRORS OF THE MIND [language, empathy, neurological basis of ASD]
18) Temple Grandin on the Secret to Success for Kids with Autism
19) AUTISM/ASPERGER’S ACT – 13 NOV 13 – APAC 2013 CONFERENCE DEBRIEF
20) Child Psych Med podcast – Asperger’s Syndrome Interview with Dr Greg Coffey PhD – 20/04/2011
21) Australian Autism Handbook: The essential resource guide for autism spectrum disorders [O’Reilly, B., & Smith, S.] publisher: Jane Curry Publisher, Edgecliff, NSW (2008)
22) Social skills apps – presentation on 14/8/12 @ Autism Asperger ACT

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