Practice & Transfer
– the speed of learning & it’s permanence (in memory), are affected by the amount & type of practice carried out
– practice is indispensable or long-term learning
– practice reduces the number of errors made & the time taken to perform a given task
– the effects of practice follows an S-Curve or learning curve, which occurs in 3 stages:
A) initial cognitive phase of slow improvement
B) main phase of associative learning & rapid improvement
C) final phase of automatisation after performance begins to level out
The type of practice us important:
1. DISTRIBUTED PRACTICE.
– Involve several short sessions and produces more durable learning
2. MASSED PRACTICE.
– One long session (Less effective then distributed practice, but can be effective in the short term)
3. MIXED PRACTICE.
– The different components are practised as a sequence (e.g. Dance)
4. BLOCKED PRACTICE.
– Each component is practised to automatised perfection separately, & then added together to form the sequence
Transfer knowledge skills in one area to another, such as scientific thinking & transfer methods are shown to improve reasoning skills
Source: Psychology Squared (Sterling & Frings, 2016)