Parenting – Grow and learn together

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Parenting – Grow and learn together [Raising Children.Net]

– a child’s main way of developing is through play (Exploring, observing, experimenting)
– babies learn from birth (other sources also now believe this occurs in utero)

0 to 6 months
– play stimulates the brain, & helps the baby understand the world
– play builds confidence, makes the baby feel loved & develops communication, social & physical skills
– activities:
– tummy time (To build physical strength);
– Reciprocal smiling (Neuro development and social skills development)
– peek-a-boo (develops the baby’s language, thinking, social, emotional & motor skills; also assists bonding)
– play with sounds (develops the baby’s hearing & movement)
– play with shape & texture (reaching & grasping skills)
[Responding to your baby’s needs in a warm and loving way, helps his/her physical growth & brain development]
[Picking your baby up, cuddling him or her, & talking to him/her in a soothing voice helps the baby feel secure & loved]
[at this age, the best toy for your baby is you]

6 to 12 months
– activities:
– sing songs, play peek-a-boo
– babies at this age enjoy social play & babies love copying you, their parent
– read together (develops your baby’s language & imagination)
– spend time outdoors
– encourage movement (posture; motor skills development)
[talk to your baby about the everyday activities you are doing – this assists with language development]

One to 2 years
– Activities:
– read together
– explore (With your child use household objects to play with and to use their imagination)
– talk to & respond to your child (Encourages communication skills, & makes the child feel loved & valued)
– play outdoors (increases physical skills, sense of confidence
[talk to your baby about the everyday activities you are doing – this assists with language development]
[make time for indoor & outdoor exploration & play – play helps your child find out how things work]
[encourage everyday skills – use of spoons, cup, hat – encourages independence & a sense of achievement]
[celebrate mess at mealtimes – it shows skills are developing]

2 to 3 years
– Activities:
– Play dates in the park [Do not expect sharing or taking turns yet; children still consider themselves to be the centre if the universe & that everything belongs to them]
– Try rough-and-tumble play (Skills – build social skills & physical skills
– keep a “Busy box” for creative play
– read books, sing songs, tell stories
– Cook together – simple things to do – measuring, stirring, mixing [exercise judgment & be patient]
[an important period of emotional development for your child – understanding their own feelings & those of others]
[Temper tantrums are normal at this age; Do not have words to express feelings of frustration, anger & embarrassment – & the big emotions of guilt & shame]
[help child to name & link emotions]
[Supporting and encouraging the child builds confidence and self-esteem; & encourages him to keep trying]

3 to 5 years
Activities:
– Try creative, dramatic play
– Outdoor play – tumbling, rolling, running, climbing
– Craft activities
– Read, tell stories, singsongs, recite nursery rhymes
– Play games that involve sharing & taking turns [Sharing is still hard to do so lots of praise]
– Cook with your child
[Important emotional development – recognising their own feelings – happiness, sadness, fear, anger]
[Lots of playtime]
[Lots of being active]
[language development – Vocabulary development; Discussing own feelings]

5 to 6 years
Activities:
– all the above
– ball activities
– easy, simple jobs around the house
[activity & opportunities for creativity are important]
[family activity – Support and encouragement as they tackle new challenges; develop new skills; form new relationships]

6 to 8 years
Activities:
– Family bike ride
– Camping in the backyard
– cubby
– cooking
– Play dates
– picnics
[Take the time to listen to respond to your child – important for their social and emotional development]
[activity & opportunities for creativity are important]
[Keep the focus of play on having a good time – most learning occurs when you are having fun]

Sources: http://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/grow_and_learn_together_child_development_guide.html
http://raisingchildren.net.au/growandlearn/intro

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