CBT for anxiety disorders [Beck Institute]

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CBT for anxiety disorders [Beck Institute]

– anxiety disorders are the most common form of disorders
– lifetime prevalence rate of 29%
– cognitive restructuring & imagery work
– behavioural interventions:
– exposure to feared situations
– behavioural experiments
– relaxation training
– social skills training
– GAD – mindfulness & PMR
– Panic – recreate fear so build confidence/mastery through in-session behaviour experiment
Meta-cognitive processes can also maintain anxiety disorders
– GAD sufferers often have dysfunctional thought processes around the general concept of worry itself, such as:
– believing that they needed to worry so as to prevent bad things from happening
– believing that worry was uncontrollable
– for PTSD & Panic Disorder sufferers, the meta-cognitive process of hyper-vigilance also applies (PTSD – external threat; Panic – vigilant for internal physiological & mental sensations)
– further, some may believe their vigilance keeps them safe, & when a catastrophic outcome does not occur, they may believe that their hyper-vigilance was what kept them safe

Anxiety disorders are therefore maintained by maladaptive behavioural, cognitive & meta-cognitive processes (worry about worry; hypervigilance to danger)

Mindfulness enables disconnection from worry by focusing upon the breath/re-directing attention onto the breath

Source: http://campaign.r20.constantcontact.com/render?ca=4c5dc8d2-504d-4de4-ab2c-fec1a64ccc5f&c=4e612360-b5af-11e3-ae24-d4ae52986b44&ch=4f28b920-b5af-11e3-ae58-d4ae52986b44

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